The history of knowledge is a great fugue in which the voices of the nations one after the other emerge.
The historian’s duty is to separate the true from the false, the certain from the uncertain, and the doubtful from that which cannot be accepted.
The general history of art and literature shows that the highest achievements of the human mind are, as a rule, not favourably received at first.
It may help to understand human affairs to be clear that most of the great triumphs and tragedies of history are caused, not by people being fundamentally good or fundamentally bad, but by people being fundamentally people.
It is not the struggle of opinions that has made history so turbulent; but the struggle of belief in opinions.
In history, we are concerned with what has been and what is; in philosophy, however, we are concerned not with what belongs exclusively to the past or to the future, but with that which is, both now and eternally — in short, with reason.
If history repeats itself, and the unexpected always happens, how incapable must Man be of learning from experience!
Humanity takes itself too seriously. It is the world’s original sin. If the caveman had known how to laugh, History would have been different.