The danger of the past was that men became slaves. The danger of the future is that men may become robots.
We say that slavery has vanished from European civilization, but this is not true. Slavery still exists, but now it applies only to women and its name is prostitution.
There are some who may believe themselves masters of others, and are no less enslaved than they.[Tel se croit le maître des autres, qui ne laisse pas d’être plus esclave.]
The slave begins by demanding justice and ends by wanting to wear a crown. He must dominate in his turn.
The fact is, that civilisation requires slaves. The Greeks were quite right there. Unless there are slaves to do the ugly, horrible, uninteresting work, culture and contemplation become almost impossible. Human slavery is wrong, insecure, and demoralising. On mechanical slavery, on the slavery of the machine, the future of the world depends.
Slaves lose everything in their chains, even the desire to escape from them.[Les esclaves perdent tout dans leurs fers, jusqu’au désir d’en sortir.]
Slavery is so vile and miserable an Estate of Man, and so directly opposite to the generous Temper and Courage of our Nation; that ’tis hardly to be conceived, that an Englishman, much less a Gentleman, should plead foret.