When reflection, feeling, or whatever other form the subjective consciousness may assume, regards the present as vanity, and thinks itself to be beyond it and wiser, it finds itself in emptiness, and, as it has actuality only in the present, it is vanity throughout. Against the doctrine that the idea is a mere idea, figment or opinion, philosophy preserves the more profound view that nothing is real except the idea.
When liberty is mentioned, we must always be careful to observe whether it is not really the assertion of private interests which is thereby designated.
What is now often said, that man need not know God, and may yet have the knowledge of this relation, is false. Since God is the First, He determines the relation, and therefore in order to know what is the truth of the relation, man must know God.
What experience and history teach is this – that people and governments never have learned anything from history or acted on the principles deduced from it.
We do not need to be shoemakers to know if our shoes fit, and just as little have we any need to be professionals to acquire knowledge of matters of universal interest.
To him who looks upon the world rationally, the world in its turn presents a rational aspect. The relation is mutual.