John Locke (born August 29, 1632, Wrington, Somerset, England – died October 28, 1704, High Laver, Essex, England) was an English philosopher, physician, political and social contract theorist, and a leading figure of British empiricism.
Locke’s monumental and most important philosophical work, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689), was one of the main sources of empiricism in modern philosophy. His other major works include A Letter Concerning Toleration (1689), Two Treatises of Government (1689), Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693), and The Reasonableness of Christianity (1695).
In addition to being regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, Locke’s ideas had a tremendous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy.
His writings influenced not only many European thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau but also the American revolutionaries.