Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (born October 11, 1884, New York City, U.S. – died November 7, 1962, New York City, U.S.) was an American political figure, diplomat, activist, and one of the world’s most admired women of her time.
As the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving first lady of the United States (1933–45). Redefining the role of the first lady, she advocated for human rights, held regular press conferences, and write a daily newspaper column.
After leaving the White House, she served as the first chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights (1946–52) and played a leading role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).
In addition to politics, she wrote several books. Most notable are This is My Story (1937), This I Remember (1949), On My Own (1958), You Learn by Living (1960), and The Autobiography of Eleanor Roosevelt (1961).