George Bernard Shaw (born July 26, 1856, Dublin, Ireland – died November 2, 1950, Ayot St Lawrence, Hertfordshire, England) was an Irish playwright, comic dramatist, literary critic, and a prominent member of the Fabian Society.
Shaw wrote more than 60 plays, including works such as Caesar and Cleopatra (1898), Man and Superman (1902), Major Barbara (1905), The Doctor’s Dilemma (1906), Pygmalion (1912), and Saint Joan (1923).
He became the first person to have been awarded both a Nobel Prize for Literature (1925) and an Oscar (1938). The former for his contributions to literature, and the latter for Best Screenplay on the film Pygmalion (1938).
Best remembered for his iconic wit, Shaw is one of the most significant playwrights in the English language.