Eric Arthur Blair, known by his pen name George Orwell, (born June 25, 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India – died January 21, 1950, London, England) was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic whose works dealt with some of the major political movements of his time.
Orwell is best remembered today for the allegorical novel Animal Farm (1945) and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). In addition to them, his most notable works also include Down and Out in Paris and London (1933), The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), and Homage to Catalonia (1938).
Considered one of the most famous English essayists of the 20th century, Orwell’s influence on contemporary culture, popular and political, continues to grow decades after his death. Many of his neologisms, together with the term Orwellian, are now part of the English language.