Oscar Wilde, in full Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (born October 16, 1854, Dublin, Ireland – died November 30, 1900, Paris, France), was an Irish playwright, novelist, essayist, and poet.
Known for his wit, brilliant conversation and a large number of aphorisms, Wilde became one of the most influential and successful playwrights in the early 1890s. He was part of the late 19th-century Aesthetic movement in England, which advocated pure beauty and art for art’s sake.
His significant literary contributions include poetry, fairy tales, essays, plays and his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891). Several of his popular plays like Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), An Ideal Husband (1895) and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), continue to be widely performed.
Oscar Wilde’s work inspired many artists to new works or to pay tribute to him or his work.