Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (born August 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg (now Germany) – died November 14, 1831, Berlin) was a German philosopher and one of the founding figures of German Idealism.
Based on Immanuel Kant’s transcendental idealism and Rousseau’s politics, Hegel created an elaborate system of philosophy which included history, art, ethics, and religion. Apart from that, he is also known for absolute idealism, master–slave dialectic and concepts Aufheben (“sublation”) and Geist (“mind/spirit”).
His most famous works are The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807), The Science of Logic, in three volumes (1812, 1813, 1816), Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817) and The Philosophy of Right (1821).
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is often considered one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th century.