Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (born December 10, 1830, Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S. – died May 15, 1886, Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.) is one of the most original and influential poets. With Walt Whitman, she is widely considered to be one of the leading American poets of the 19th century.
Dickinson spent most of her life in isolation on the family homestead. She is known for her unique style and innovative use of form and syntax for the era in which she wrote. Many of her poems as central themes use death and immortality. Although she was a very prolific poet and regularly sent poems to her friends and correspondents, she was unrecognized in her own time. Only a small number of nearly eighteen hundred poems were published during her lifetime.
The first volume of her poetry was published in 1890 by Mabel Loomis Todd and Thomas Wentworth Higginson. A full compilation and mostly unaltered collection of her poetry, The Poems of Emily Dickinson by Thomas H. Johnson became available in 1955.