Thomas Stearns Eliot, known as T. S. Eliot, (born September 26, 1888, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. – died January 4, 1965, London, England) was an American-English poet and playwright, considered one of the most influential poets of 20th-century.
As a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry, he wrote some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915), The Waste Land (1922), Ash Wednesday (1930), and Four Quartets (1943).
In addition to poems, Eliot also wrote plays and essays. Most notable are Tradition and the Individual Talent (1919), Murder in the Cathedral (1935), and The Cocktail Party (1949).
In 1948, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, “for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry.”