Erich Fromm (born March 23, 1900, Frankfurt am Main, Germany – died March 18, 1980, Muralto, Switzerland) was a German-born psychoanalyst and social philosopher, who was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory.
Fromm was known for the concept that freedom was a part of human nature that we either escape or embrace. He believed that the psyche of an individual was the product of society.
Some of Fromm’s major works include Escape from Freedom (1941), Man for himself (1947), The Sane Society (1955), The Art of Loving (1956), and To Have or to Be? (1976).
Fromm was one of the founders of the William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology, located in New York City.