Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (born June 21, 1905, Paris, France – died April 15, 1980, Paris), known as Jean-Paul Sartre, was a French philosopher, writer, and literary critic.
He was one of the key figures and proponent of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy.
During his life, Sartre published several great works. Most significant are Being and Nothingness (L’Être et le Néant, 1943) and Existentialism and Humanism (L’existentialisme est un humanisme, 1946).
His work has influenced many disciplines, among most known are sociology, critical theory, and literary studies.
In 1964, Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but he declined it, saying that “a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution”.