Charlie Chaplin, byname of Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, (born April 16, 1889, London, England – died December 25, 1977, Corsier-sur-Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland) was an English comedian, filmmaker, and composer who is widely considered as the biggest star of the silent-film era and one of the most significant figures in the history of the film industry.
Chaplin is best known for his innovative film-making techniques and his character “The Tramp.”
Many of his motion pictures are often ranked among the greatest films of all time. Some of the most famous are The Kid (1921), The Gold Rush (1925), The Circus (1928), City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1936), The Great Dictator (1940), and Limelight (1952).
In 1972, Chaplin received an Honorary Academy Award for “the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century.”