Niccolò Machiavelli (born May 3, 1469, Florence, Italy – died June 21, 1527, Florence, Italy) was an Italian diplomat, philosopher, writer, and an important figure of the Italian Renaissance, known primarily for his political ideas.
Machiavelli is best known as the author of The Prince (1532), a political treatise that inspired the term Machiavellianism and established its author as the father of modern political science. In addition to The Prince, Machiavelli wrote Discourses on Livy (1531), The Art of War (1521), Florentine Histories (1532), and several minor compositions, including The Mandrake (1524).
Often misinterpreted, Machiavelli’s philosophical legacy remains enigmatic, but his influence has been enormous. His works and ideas have strongly influenced figures such as Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Baruch Spinoza, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Denis Diderot, and many others.