Maximilian Karl Emil Weber (born April 21, 1864, Erfurt, Germany – died June 14, 1920, Munich, Germany) was a German sociologist and political economist, regarded as one of the foremost social theorists of the twentieth century.
Weber is best known for his thesis of the “Protestant Ethic,” and for his ideas on bureaucracy.
During his lifetime, Weber wrote numerous essays and books. In 1905, he published his most famous work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
Along with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, he is considered the founder of modern sociology.
The fate of our times is characterized by rationalization and intellectualization and, above all, by the disenchantment of the world.Science as A Vocation (1919)
The fully developed bureaucratic mechanism compares with other organizations exactly as does the machine with the non-mechanical modes of production.Part II. Chapter VIII. Bureaucracy, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (1946)
Power is the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which this probability rests.Volume I. Part I. Chapter I. Basic Sociological Terms, Economy and Society (1922)
All knowledge of cultural reality, as may be seen, is always knowledge from particular points of view.Chapter 2. 'Objectivity' in Social Science and Social Policy, The Methodology of the Social Sciences (1949)
Politics is a strong and slow boring of hard boards. It takes both passion and perspective.Politics as A Vocation (1919)
In a democracy the people choose a leader in whom they trust. Then the chosen leader says, ‘Now shut up and obey me.’ People and party are then no longer free to interfere in his business.Introduction. Chapter II. Political Concerns, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (1946)
The state is an association that claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of violence.Part III. Chapter XIII. Religious Rejections of the World and Their Directions, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (1946)
Every scientific fulfillment raises new questions; it asks to be surpassed and outdated.Science as A Vocation (1919)
Politics for us means striving to share power or striving to influence the distribution of power, either among states or among groups within a state.Politics as A Vocation (1919)
Nothing is worthy of man as man unless he can pursue it with passionate devotion.Science as A Vocation (1919)
The organization of offices follows the principle of hierarchy; that is, each lower office is under the control and supervision of a higher one.Volume I. Part I. Chapter III. The Types of Legitimate Domination, Economy and Society (1922)
The primary task of a useful teacher is to teach his students to recognize inconvenient facts.Science as A Vocation (1919)
Not everybody realizes that a really good journalists accomplishment requires at least as much genius as any scholarly accomplishment.Science as A Vocation (1919)
It is not true that good can follow only from good and evil only from evil, but that often the opposite is true.Politics as A Vocation (1919)
It is the intellectual who transforms the concept of the world into the problem of meaning.Volume I. Part II. Chapter VI. Religious Groups (The Sociology of Religion), Economy and Society (1922)
It is not accidental that our greatest art is intimate and not monumental.Science as A Vocation (1919)
Laws are important and valuable in the exact natural sciences, in the measure that those sciences are universally valid.Chapter 2. 'Objectivity' in Social Science and Social Policy, The Methodology of the Social Sciences (1949)
In the lecture-rooms of the university no other virtue holds but plain intellectual integrity.Science as A Vocation (1919)
A man does not by nature wish to earn more and more money.Part I. Chapter 2. The Spirit of Capitalism, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905)
Beware of thinking all your own that you possess, and of living accordingly. It is a mistake that many people who have credit fall into.Part I. Chapter 2. The Spirit of Capitalism, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905)
Whenever the man of science introduces his personal value judgment, a full understanding of the facts ceases.Science as A Vocation (1919)
For the true mystic the principle continues to hold: the creature must be silent so that God may speak.Part III. Chapter XVIII. Religious Rejections of the World and Their Directions, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (1946)
Ideas come when we do not expect them, and not when we are brooding and searching at our desks. Yet ideas would certainly not come to mind had we not brooded at our desks and searched for answers with passionate devotion.Science as A Vocation (1919)
For those who most frequently think of themselves as leaders often qualify least as leaders.Science as A Vocation (1919)
The intellect, like all cultural values, has created an aristocracy based on the possession of rational culture and independent of all personal ethical qualities of man. The aristocracy of intellect is hence an unbrotherly aristocracy. Part III. Chapter XIII. Religious Rejections of the World and Their Directions, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (1946)
Charisma is a gift that inheres in an object or person simply by virtue of natural endowment.Volume I. Part II. Chapter VI. Religious Groups (The Sociology of Religion), Economy and Society (1922)
An ethic of ultimate ends and an ethic of responsibility are not absolute contrasts but rather supplements, which only in unison constitute a genuine man — a man who can have the ‘calling for politics.’Politics as A Vocation (1919)
All historical experience confirms the truth — that man would not have attained the possible unless time and again he had reached out for the impossible.Politics as A Vocation (1919)