Pablo Neruda was a Nobel Prize-winning Chilean writer and one of the greatest and most influential poets of the 20th century.
He was born Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto in Parral in southern Chile on July 12, 1904. His pen name, which he later adopted as a personal name, was derived from the Czech poet Jan Neruda.
Neruda began his literary career when he was 13 years old as contributor in the local daily newspaper La Mañana. Among the many published works, the most renowned is Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair, published in 1924.
During his lifetime, Neruda was accomplished in a variety of styles such as love poems, surrealist poems, historical epics, and political manifestos.
Pablo Neruda received numerous prestigious awards, including the International Peace Prize in 1950 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
In addition to the literature, Neruda also was a diplomat and served a stint as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party.