The fact that society has become strong and sure of itself diminishes the external importance of the injury and so leads to a mitigation of its punishment.
The essence of the modern state is the union of the universal with the full freedom of the particular, and with the welfare of individuals.
The conception and its existence are two sides, distinct yet united, like soul and body. The body is the same life as the soul, and yet the two can be named independently. A soul without a body would not be a living thing, and vice versa. Thus the visible existence of the conception is its body, just as the body obeys the soul which produced it.
Poverty in itself does not make men into a rabble; a rabble is created only when there is joined to poverty a disposition of mind, an inner indignation against the rich, against society, against the government.
Philosophy cannot teach the state what it should be, but only how it, the ethical universe, is to be known.
Personality is that which struggles to lift itself above this restriction and to give itself reality, or in other words to claim that external world as its own.
Person is essentially different from subject. Subject is only the possibility of personality. Any living thing at all is a subject, while person is a subject which has its subjectivity as an object. As a person I exist for myself. Personality is the free being in pure self-conscious isolation.