Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his pseudonym Molière, (baptized January 15, 1622, Paris, France – died February 17, 1673, Paris, France) was a French playwright and actor, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of comedy in Western literature.
His range of works includes comedies, farces, tragicomedies, and more. Some of his most prominent works are L’Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives, 1662), Tartuffe ou l’Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite, 1664), Dom Juan ou Le Festin de pierre (Don Juan, 1665), Le Misanthrope (The Misanthrope, 1666), L’Avare ou l’École du mensonge (The Miser, 1668), Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman, 1670), and Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid, 1673).
Today, Molière is considered the creator of modern French comedy, and his plays have been translated into every major living language on the planet. Many of the words and expressions used in Moliere’s plays are still used in current French.