Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his pseudonym Molière, (baptized January 15, 1622, Paris, France – died February 17, 1673, Paris, France) was a French playwright and actor, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of comedy in Western literature.
His range of works includes comedies, farces, tragicomedies, and more. Some of his most prominent works are The School for Wives (L’Ecole des femmes, 1662), Tartuffe or the Hypocrite (Tartuffe ou l’Imposteur, 1664), Don Juan (Dom Juan ou Le Festin de pierre, 1665), The Misanthrope (Le Misanthrope, 1666), The Miser (L’Avare ou l’École du mensonge, 1668), The Bourgeois Gentleman (Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, 1670), and The Imaginary Invalid (Le Malade imaginaire, 1673).
Today, Molière is considered the creator of modern French comedy, and his plays have been translated into every major living language on the planet. Many of the words and expressions used in Moliere’s plays are still used in current French.