Anton Chekhov, in full Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, (born January 29, 1860, Taganrog, Russia – died July 15, 1904, Badenweiler, Germany) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer who is considered a master of the modern short story.
Although he practiced most of his literary career as a physician, Chekhov was a prolific writer. He wrote classic plays such as The Seagull (Чайка, 1896), Uncle Vanya (Дядя Ваня, 1899), Three Sisters (Три сестры, 1901) and The Cherry Orchard (Вишнёвый сад, 1904), and stories such as The Steppe (Степь, 1888), Ward No. 6 (Палата № 6, 1892) and The Lady with the Dog (Дама с собачкой, 1899).
As one of the fathers of early modernism in the theatre, Chekhov’s plays are still performed around the world.